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Types of Enlarged Uterus and Treatments

Introduction:

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Increased Uterus

The uterus, a small, muscular female reproductive organ, is responsible for maintaining and feeding the fetus up until its time of birth. An “enlarged uterus” is a condition where the uterus grows larger than it should. Although rare, this condition can have a serious impact on fertility and cause problems for women. The swollen uterus may be an indicator of many medical conditions, such as pregnancy, uterine fibroids, and adenomyosis. One in ten women over the age of 10 is affected by it. Although hysterectomy was once the only option for many disorders there are now minimally invasive options that can protect the uterus and improve quality of life.

Increased Uterus Causes

Adenomyosis:

Adenomyosis refers to a condition where cells from the uterine endometrium (the endometrium), migrate into the myometrium (the uterine muscular walls). These endometrial cells can continue their normal functions within the muscle wall by thickening, breaking up, and bleeding during each menstrual cycle. The irritation causes the surrounding muscles to expand and create fibrous tissue. You may need treatment for an enlarged or painful uterus because of the discomfort caused by adenomyosis.

Fibroids:

Fibroids are a condition where normal uterus muscle cells grow abnormally. This causes fast-growing smooth muscle tumors. An enlarged uterus can be treated, especially if the tumors are larger than a pear or a watermelon. Multiple fibroids can form on and around the uterus in women. Depending on their size and position, they could cause an enlarged uterus.

Pregnancy:

During pregnancy, the uterus can grow 500 to 1000 times larger than its normal size. This is normal and your doctor will not recommend any treatment to increase the  size for pregnancy.

Symptoms of an Enlarged Uterus

Many women don’t have signs of an enlarged pelvis. It is often discovered by a doctor during routine pelvic exams.

Women most commonly experience severe bleeding during periods. This can be described as prolonged periods of bleeding those last several hours and is usually accompanied by soaking with a pad or tampon once an hour. Women can experience pain, extended periods, or spotting during periods. It is possible to pass large blood clots.

Your uterus can also be found in your pelvis between your bladder rectum and your bladder. It can cause problems with the functioning of these organs if it swells.

Research has identified the symptoms women who have an enlarged might experience. These are:

  • You may experience pain in your lower abdomen, legs, or back as well as discomfort while you are having sex.
  • Pressure on the bowels and pelvic can cause constipation, gas, and bloating.
  • Anemia can be caused by fatigue or excessive bleeding.
  • Bladder pressure can cause frequent urination and incontinence (inability to urinate)
  • Gained weight around the stomach
  • Problems with pregnancy, including difficulty getting pregnant and having the baby live to term

Complications of an Enlarged Uterus

An enlarged  is not a cause of any health problems. However, it can lead to other disorders. These uterine tumors, which can cause pain and discomfort as well as impair fertility, can also create problems during pregnancy and birth.

Diagnosis

Many women don’t know they have an over-enlarged .A clinician will usually discover this problem during a physical exam or by imaging studies.

An enlarged uterus, in most cases, is not a serious condition and does not require treatment.

Enlarged Uterus Treatment

Although most cases of the enlarged are not serious, some women may need pain medication. IUDs that contain progesterone and birth control pills help lessen the signs and symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding.

In extreme cases, some women might need a hysterectomy.

Surgery to remove the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries can be an option for uterine cancer. After surgery, chemotherapy and radiation may be offered to women.

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